The spots on the tooth enamel are both white and dark,there are in adults and children. Their appearance suggests hypoplasia of tooth enamel or beginning caries, and also can be a consequence of fluorosis - a disease caused by excess fluoride in the body.
White patches on the teeth of an infantmay appear due to hypoplasia - underdevelopment of tooth enamel. This defect is laid at the stage of embryo formation. It can be caused by various adverse factors affecting the fetus. So, white spots on the teeth of the baby can appear in cases when his mother is sick with chronic gastritis, duodenitis or enterocolitis, during pregnancy suffered from severe toxicosis or suffered from infectious diseases. Hypoplasia can also be in the form of grooves, single or multiple.
Foci of demineralization of teeth in so-calledPre-caries also initially look like white spots. In this case, a small spot appears on a small, small area of the enamel, which gradually increases in size. Soon it acquires a yellowish, and then a brown color - at this stage, already talk about caries. White patches on the teeth, caused by demineralization, are usually covered in children with a special composition - "silver". This is done in order to prevent the development of caries in areas with destroyed enamel.
Avoid caries in the child will help to complyhygiene of the oral cavity. So, dentists advise you to wipe the first teeth of your baby after eating, especially if he is on artificial or mixed feeding. Some companies that specialize in children's products have mastered the production of special soft fingertips to care for the oral cavity of the infant, but you can also use a piece of gauze, wrapping it around your finger. One-year-old baby can already be accustomed to a toothbrush. Pasta is best to start to use when he already learns to rinse his mouth well.
White spots on teeth in children and adults canbe associated with excessive fluoride content in drinking water and food products in their locality (endemic fluorosis). At its mildest, dashed shape, the defects of the enamel look like shallow strips on the frontal teeth, with spotty - small petiolate or yellowish spots. With a melovid-speckled, heavier form of fluorosis, not only white, but yellowish, and even brown spots on the teeth can take place. Fluorosis in recent years has become, unfortunately, quite common: for a period of less than 20 years the number of patients with this disease has increased by 8 times! In half of the patients, dentists diagnosed a spotted form, while in a third - melodic-mottled.
Aesthetic flaws in teethare eliminated in the same way as in caries, but the treatment thus occurs practically only at the level of the enamel. The patient is placed neat decorative seals in the color of the crown of the tooth, so that its surface looks homogeneous. Of course, we are talking only about permanent teeth: thus eliminating the aesthetic disadvantages of milk teeth simply does not make sense. However, the fight against fluorosis is not limited to this: it is necessary, if possible, to exclude the use of local drinking water and fluorine-rich foods (sea fish, walnuts, spinach).
Having found out at the child white maculae on a teeth or evena single spot, it is necessary to show it to the dentist: caries in babies develops very quickly. Despite the widespread belief that treating milk teeth is of no use, since they will still fall out, the carious tooth is a danger to the child. He not only can cause severe pain, but also is a source of infection: the presence of caries can lead to other diseases, in particular, to angina. To distinguish the beginning caries from hypoplasia or fluorosis, only a specialist can. The spots on the tooth enamel for each of them have their own characteristic picture, and for consultation on the choice of the right methods of treatment, a dentist is required.