Probably every girl in school in classneedlework taught basic types of stitches for manual and machine sewing. But over time these skills disappear. And when it is required to apply knowledge of seams, it becomes almost impossible task. Just need to remember how to perform the French seam, how to twist the fabric and master the art of refilling the lower and upper threads in the typewriter.
All technologies for tissue processing are divided into two groups. Remembering them is not difficult. These are manual and machine seams (types of seams are more diverse).
They are used to connect the details of the futureproducts. The most common handmade seam, designed for bonding parts, you can call a seam, made in offset technology. It is designed to temporarily connect the details of the product, to outline its future appearance. Most often, cotton threads of different thicknesses are used for this suture. Technology is also popular - "over the edge". With its help, the parts are sewn together so that you can turn inside out the resulting fragment of the product.
The stitching joint is often used for decorativefinishing - this way, handles the edges of hand-embroidered napkins. The "back needle" seam looks the same as the machine stitch. Therefore, it is used in those cases when you need to hem hem skirts, for example. But in order to shorten the product, they came up with stitching stitches. They are of two kinds: simple and secret. It is not difficult to master them. A hidden seam is useful when you do not want anyone to see the thread stitches on the finished product. It is used often. A French seam does not apply to manual fabric handling techniques, although it may seem that it is made by a person, not a machine.
Performing machine seams will take much lesstime than the same work done by hand. On the sewing machine, tailors use even decorative techniques for processing fabrics or decorating the finished product. They look especially impressive, if you make a string with a thread that is different in color from the fabric. Best in this case will look contrasting colors. Machine seams are divided into two types: connecting and decorative.
The most commonly used machinery machineryprocessing of the fabric is a joint or "stasis", that is, designed to fasten the parts of the product to each other. This is an ordinary straight line. Nitok is completely invisible, with proper performance of the work, naturally.
Obtach suture is one of the varieties oftechniques. It is used during the processing of the turning parts. For this, the details are folded face to face and are connected with a simple stitch, that is, they use the old technique.
The stitching seam is one of the strongest. It is also called "jeans". Why? It is often used for the processing of denim fabrics. The sewing seam looks like a decorative stitch, with the front and the wrong side. With the help of a seam stitch, you can make all kinds of laundry.
When sewing bed linen used doublestitching seam. To connect overhead parts, tailors use the technique of making an overhead seam with a bent cut. You can see it on the finished product. And for the processing of the cuts of the parts of the product, the master needs knowledge of how to make edging seams. Particular attention can be paid to a double seam.
It is very common in the light industry. This technique is also called French and linen. The double seam on the front side looks like an ordinary stitching stitch. From the underside, it looks like a stitched crease. Often the French seam is used for processing thin, "flying" and transparent fabrics, such as organza, silk. The linen stitch looks very similar to the French technique, but it is more simple. And here's how to learn how to perform this machine stitch, if the text description is incomprehensible, and in the picture and at all it is represented schematically and strangely?
Those girls who want to learn how to performFrench seam, a master class on it can look on the Internet. These video lessons can be found on popular sites. This method of training is very convenient - everything is visible, there is a soundtrack, you can watch the video several times.
But if you explain in words, then the description of technologythe performance of the undercoat will be small. First, you need to fold the parts in the wrong side of each other, lay a line at a distance of 0.5 centimeter from the cut of the part. Then you need to cut off the allowances close to the padded line and carefully unwrap the parts, folding them the other way - facing each other. It remains only to lay the line again with a sewing machine and everything - the laundry line is ready. You can do the procedure several times until the result satisfies you. As you can see, it is not difficult to make a double seam on a typewriter.
Decorative seams are used for finishing products. They create the impression of embroidery and look beautiful. One of the decorative seams is a stalked stitch. It serves to perform stems of plants, small twigs and other elements of embroidery. The stitch is sewn with small stitches along the contour of the pattern one or two times (depending on the thickness of the thread). Also there is a "beaded" seam, named for the reason that it resembles a line embroidered with beads.
The decorative-finishing seam performed with the help of a sewing machine looks very beautiful, and it is called a "pigtail". He looks great on summer women's sarafans and dresses.
We talked about how to understand the mainmanual and machine seams. Learning to do them, if you wish, is not so difficult, because it is very easy to find any allowance today. The French seam can be useful to you more often than other technologies of connection of details of a product, therefore on it it is necessary to pay special attention.