Surely everyone who studies at school, knows,the difference between an adverb and other parts of speech. But, nevertheless, in some cases questions arise. In order not to make mistakes and correctly determine it, we will find out what distinctive features an adverb has.
As you know, in Russian all words are dividedto certain groups in their meaning, called parts of speech. Among them there are independent, giving names, signs, actions to all subjects. And another group - official, helping and serving the first.
Adverb, due to its peculiarities, is referred toindependent parts of speech, because it carries within it the meaning of the sign of action. How does the adverb differ from other parts of speech? The fact that it is very versatile. The number of questions the adverb answers is difficult to calculate: they are so diverse.
The most common are the following: how (sadly, hard), where (in the distance, nearby), when (soon, in the summer), why (in a flash, not without reason) and some others.
The most important thing that distinguishes an adverb from other parts of speech, so it's immutability. For this reason, it has no endings, but at its disposal there is a whole arsenal of different suffixes.
Thanks to the dialects, the Russian language constantlyreplenished with new words. Since they are often formed from the names of adjectives and nouns, their number does not decrease, but grows with the years. The difference between an adverb and other parts of speech is the presence of discharges. Undoubtedly, adjectives and pronouns are also subdivided into them. But the number of groups in the adverb is the most numerous.
This group answers the question "how?""and will tell you how the action took place: merrily, hard-boiled, white-hot, in our way.It can, like a qualitative adjective, form degrees of comparison - this is how an adverb differs from other parts of speech.
This category is considered the most numerous and often used in speech.
When we answer the questions "where?" or "where?"", then, as a rule, we use the adverbs of the place: far, below, above, near. Without these words it is difficult to imagine our speech. Quite often we need to indicate the direction or place where an action took place, then without the adverbs of this group .
Telling about when this or that event happened, we will use this rank, answering the question "when?". Examples: soon, tomorrow, spring, now.
To explain what an action is being performed for, it is possible, using adverbs of the goal: specifically, why, to spite.
Tell the reason for the events that occurred will help the words of this group: blindly, by stupidity.
This category gives the emotionality and strength of the sign: much, much, twice.
It is not always easy to distinguish it. Often it is confused with other parts of speech. This is due to the presence of homonymous forms in many adverbs. Let's consider an example:
1) The foreigner spoke ill of our way.
2) In our opinion, it is not difficult to do this.
How to distinguish an adverb from other parts of speech? To begin with, you need to ask a question to the required word. In the first example: "spoke like?", In the second: "which opinion?"
Now, on a specific issue, we can safely say that the adverb is the word "our way". In the second example, this is a pronoun with a preposition.
The next main difference between adverbs is the inability to decline and change. In this they are like gerunds, which also have no endings, but only suffixes.
To distinguish them is not difficult: adverbs do not designate an additional action, as a gerund. They carry a shade of trait in themselves.
In order not to confuse these parts of speech, it is necessary to know their distinctive features.
Despite the fact that they have similar meanings(beautiful - beautiful, infinite - infinite, wise - wise), their roles are completely different. The names of adjectives characterize or describe an object, adverbs also perform a similar function, but with respect to action. Therefore, the word "good" can only be used in relation to a thing or a person (a good sofa, a good child). "Well" we will say then, when we describe someone's action (done well, behaved well).
In addition, the difference between adverbs from other parts of speechconsists in the fact that they, like adjectives, can form degrees of comparison. To avoid confusion, you must put the desired word in the initial form. For example:
Our car is newer than neighbor's. What kind of car? - new, this is an adjective.
Today I ran faster than yesterday. Running like? - Quickly, this is an adverb.
Thus, by asking the right question for the right word, we can easily determine what kind of part of speech it is.
It must be remembered that both the adverb and the adjective used in comparative degree will perform the same syntactic function - the predicate.
Perhaps this is one of the most difficult issues,studied in the course of adverbs. This category is composed of words that carry the meaning of the state in themselves. What distinguishes the adverb from other parts of speech, and in particular from SCS, is not difficult to determine.
Again - the presence of homonyms is often confusing. Example:
The girl is not feeling well.
The student does not read well.
About the state of a person is said in the first example, because it is about her health. The second example describes only the ability of the student.
Now we can sum up the difference between an adverb and other parts of speech.
We present the main points that reveal the difference between adverbs and other parts of speech.