Today, humanity lives in adverseconditions. One of the consequences of this is the lack of iodine in the body. Lack of such an element leads to a jump in hormones. As a result, women develop signs of thyroid disease.
This is an important organ of the human body. He is responsible for the process of producing hormones necessary for a person to live normally. This gland regulates caloric and calcium-phosphate metabolism. It represents the right and left lobes, connected by an isthmus in the central part. The gland is located in front of the neck and covers the trachea from all sides.
Most often, the disease develops in women
Symptoms of thyroid disease are herincrease, fatigue, decrease or increase in body weight. In a normal state, the thyroid gland has such dimensions in the proportion ratio: 4 x 2 x 2 cm, 4-5 mm - thickness of the isthmus. With the disease, it has deviations in both smaller and larger sides. This type of disruption of the thyroid gland is often experienced by women. This is due to their susceptibility to change.
In women, signs of thyroid diseasemanifested in behavior as well as in health. Symptoms include the following: fatigue, severe nervousness, weight changes, dry hair and skin, muscle pain, hormonal changes. Women are characterized by violations associated with the menstrual cycle. Diseases of the thyroid gland can cause problems with the ability to conceive.
What diseases of the thyroid gland exist
If the body produces few hormones, thenthis is hypothyroidism, and if an increased amount is hyperthyroidism. Lack of or excessive amount of hormones entails a change in the work of all tissues and organs.
Distinguish the following types of thyroid disease:
How to treat
Before starting treatment of thisdisease, you need to know the history of its development, conduct a palpation study, to study the level of hormones, antibodies and other indicators. It is necessary to observe the behavior of the patient, ask her about her health. Indeed, in women, the signs of thyroid disease are characterized by changes in mood and increased temper tantrums.
For the primary diagnostic method, ultrasound is used,and then radionuclide scanning, ultrasound, computer and magnetic resonance imaging. Based on their results, the doctor is determined with a diagnosis and prescribes the necessary treatment.