> >USSR secret bunkers
Dungeons are always mysterious, whether they are caves, karst rifts, the aspiration of asleep volcanoes - or man-made holes beneath granite slabs, basalt rocks and thousands of tons of concrete. A man settled in caves from time immemorial, and in the atomic age he created for himself a mass of man-made dungeons - in order not only to live, but to survive.
Underground bunkers can be called one of the most unique structures in the world. But to build a bunker - half the battle: it must be done secretly. The task is very difficult, given the scale and engineering complexity. Having built it, the secret must be kept. Not all bunkers are known - some are completely abandoned and hidden from nature by others, while others operate and are kept in even greater secrecy.
Even what floats can be stored underground. One of the most ambitious buildings of the Cold War - the shelter of submarines in Balaclava. Mount Tavros, in the depths of which it is located, consists of very strong marble-like limestone, and the thickness of the rock under the tunnels and channels is more than 100 meters.The object has the first category of anti-nuclear stability - it is not afraid of a direct hit with a 100-kiloton bomb.
Bunker in Samara
Stalin's bunker on the Volga River is considered the deepest structure of the Second World War. Kuibyshev, as Samara was then called, was a spare capital in case of the capture of Moscow — the Soviet government, the party apparatus, and foreign missions evacuated there. Stalin himself remained in Moscow throughout the war - he too had plenty of bunkers there. The Samara facility is built under a granite slab and is a smaller copy of the Moscow Aeroport metro station. It lies at a depth of 37 meters (the depth of Hitler’s Berlin bunker was 16 meters, and the military office of Winston Churchill in London was located, in fact, in the basement of the administrative building). The Stalin's bunker is not only reliably protected, but also very comfortable: the main office and the generalissimo rest room are almost the same as in the Kremlin.
There is an inconspicuous two-storey mansion on Taganka. There are no windows on the ground floor - the house was built to conceal a six-meter-thick concrete dome covering the shaft, which goes 60 meters deep.There, at the level of the ring line of the metro, there are four tunnels connected by junctions. This is a reserve command post of long-range aviation.
Now here is the cold war museum. You can get into it by going down the 310-step staircase with a countdown of floors, admiring corridors lined with steel plates with massive hermetic doors. At the end of a fascinating excursion, the lights go out, smoke appears, red emergency lighting turns on, and the intercom announces that a nuclear strike has been made on the capital.
Underground city Yamantau
Mount Yamantau, about which a lot of fantastic rumors have been circulating lately, is the highest in the Southern Urals; however, the Ural range itself is very low. In the West, it is believed that the transformation of a mountain into a giant underground anthill began in the period of late stagnation. The Russian military does not comment on this. The railway is connected to Yamantau, the top of the mountain is carefully guarded. The main purpose of the object is either a secret military plant, or an emergency residence of the president and the government, and possibly an ammunition depot. However, in view of the distance from the borders, the mountain provides additional security.
Under the ground, you can not only hide in case of big trouble, but also store a lot of useful things. For example, at the height of the Cold War, the Soviet Union, in violation of all international treaties prohibiting the deployment of nuclear weapons outside its borders, created one of the warhead storage facilities in a very picturesque corner of Czechoslovakia. This gave a huge advantage in the event of war in the European theater of action, but if the secret had come to pass, the USSR’s immaculate reputation would have been dealt a crushing blow. Even the Czechoslovak military were not allowed into the arsenal. Soviet commanders were lucky: the object was declassified only in the nineties.