The scrotal ultrasound is considered to be one of the most informative diagnostic methods and allows to conduct a sufficiently detailed study of the condition of the testicle, spermatic cord and appendage.
Examination of male genital organs, inin particular ultrasound of the scrotum, is the most objective method in modern diagnostics. It allows you to study the degree of development of the sexual organ for the development of the testicles, determines and assesses its functional capacity and maturity. In addition, scrotal ultrasound can identify and characterize the existing deviations from the normal state, as well as recognize the development of pathological formations. With the help of the study, various inflammations (epididymitis, orchitis and others) are also determined. In case there are neoplasms in the scrotum, ultrasound diagnosis makes it possible to check the process with a biopsy.
Diagnosis is irreplaceable in case of suspicion oferectile dysfunction, infertility. The time spent ultrasound of the scrotum in the presence of early manifestations of pathologies allows you to designate the optimal treatment, to prevent the development of undesirable consequences. In addition, the ultrasound method is also necessary for injuries. Often the research is conducted for preventive purposes.
Ultrasound examination of the scrotum allowsalso determine the condition of the testicles, the presence of venous diseases (varicocele), tumor formations, cystic neoplasms in the vas deferens, edema (fluid accumulation), the presence of foreign objects, hypertrophy or testicular hypotrophy.
Many diagnostic procedures havecontraindications or limitations. The ultrasound examination of the scrotum is contraindicated and has no age restrictions, it is carried out without any special preparation.
Showing ultrasound in any unpleasant, painfulsensations, a feeling of discomfort in the testicle. In the presence of cryptorchidism (undescended testicle), ultrasound diagnosis is also necessary. Ultrasound is also required for seals, swelling, enlargement or unevenness of the scrotum.
Among the most common pathologies in which this type of study is assigned, the following should be noted:
How do scrotal ultrasound?
The examination is carried out in the patient's positionon the back. To conduct the study, a linear ultrasonic sensor with a frequency of 5 or 7 MHz is used. Using the sensor, an external examination of the scrotum is performed. The procedure is painless, takes about ten minutes. The procedure is performed by an ultrasound doctor or urologist.