Treatment of acute respiratory infections in children and adults

Treatment of acute respiratory infections in children and adults

The most common on the planet are acute respiratory infections. This is due to the large number of pathogens causing the disease.

ORZ can provoke such viruses asadenovirus, influenza, entero, rhinovirus, mycoplasma, chlamydia, herpes, legionella, streptococcus, staphylococci, hemophilic and intestinal sticks. This list is far from complete. Specialists have established more than two hundred different pathogens. Most often the infection is of a mixed nature, the viruses interact with bacteria.

Signs and treatment of acute respiratory disease

Everyone knows the symptoms of the disease. This is a runny nose, headache, fever, redness of the throat, an increase in cervical and submandibular lymph nodes. To the listed signs pains in a stomach or belly, joints, muscles can adjoin, at an adenovirus reddening of eyes is observed.

However, the disease itself is not as terrible as its complications, which, first of all, are observed in adolescents and children. Complications include sinusitis, ear inflammation (otitis), bronchitis, pneumonia.

Diagnosis and treatment of ARI in children is conducted by a pediatrician, in adults - by a therapist. In difficult situations, an infectious disease specialist may need help.

Treatment of ARI is often performed by admissionantibiotics. However, experts recommend the use of antibiotics only in the development of complications, in early childhood (up to three years), at a high temperature, which lasts more than three days against the use of antipyretics. You can not give antibiotics alone to children, this can only be done by agreement with a doctor. Many medicines for children can be toxic (preparations "Biseptol", "Erythromycin" and others) and cause damage to the internal organs.

If the virus is the basis of the disease, then the treatment of ARI is performed with the help of antiviral drugs (Oseltamivir, Remantadin, Arbidol and others).

Take antipyretics medicines doctorsrecommend starting only at a temperature above 38 degrees. Reduce the temperature in children is best with the help of rectal suppositories or syrup. Reduce heat can and non-drug ways. To do this, you need to wear light loose clothes, and the body should be wiped with water or vinegar diluted with water.

To alleviate the symptoms of the common cold and for itstreatment in the nasal passages should be instilled with the juice of Kalanchoe, aloe, onion (diluted in half with water), as well as a solution of honey. A good effect is given by the inhalation procedure of phytoncides of chopped onion and garlic.

When coughing, ARI treatment in adults and childrencarry out reception of tea from a grass of a three-colored violet, a thyme, leaves of an eucalyptus. To do this, a mixture of these ingredients (one teaspoon) is brewed in a glass of boiling water. Excellent cure for bronchitis, cough and pneumonia, mackerel, badger and bear fats that are ingested or used as a back rub (area between the shoulder blades) and chest (except the heart area). Before going to sleep, it is recommended to drink a glass of non-stirring milk with a spoonful of honey in small sips.

In order to destroy pathogens and bacteria, you can use essential oils.

Prevention of acute respiratory disease

As preventive measures, it is requiredRegularly engage in physical education, perform water contrast procedures, fully eat. For the prevention of influenza, especially during the transitional season (spring-autumn), foods that strengthen immunity should be introduced into the diet. You should eat more greens and honey. Propolis, Echinacea preparations, royal jelly, mummies can also be added to food, in addition, to take adaptogens (Aralia, Eleutherococcus, Ginseng, Leuzeum).

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