It is wheezing in the lungs that helps a doctor whendetermining an accurate diagnosis. These respiratory noises can be formed only in the presence of any pathological process in the respiratory tract. There are two types of wheezing - dry and wet.
In the airways or cavities in the diseasethere is a liquid. Sometimes it can even be blood. When inhaled, air foams this liquid and we hear wheezing in the lungs. It is best to hear them with a strong inspiration. They are also divided into several subspecies, each of which characterizes the corresponding disease. There are large, medium, and small bubbling rales. According to small bubbling rales, it is possible to diagnose the initial form of the development of pulmonary edema or pneumonia. Especially clearly they are heard over the affected lung. If there was a small abscess, a cavity formed in the lung, rales will be average. With severe forms of abscesses, caverns and large cavities, wheezing will be particularly severe.
To listen to dry wheezing in the lungs, you needto listen not to inhalation, but, on the contrary, to exhalation. At the same time, there is its characteristic sound, according to which this kind of wheezing is easy to distinguish. Many refer to them only as "musical". They characterize the development of such diseases as bronchial asthma and bronchitis. Their special sound and appearance is explained by the accumulation of sputum in the lumens of the bronchial tree. Such wheezing in the lungs is most common. But the top three also gets out the rale of a malicious smoker who has just passed several flights through the staircase. It should be mentioned and some other possible causes of wheezing.
With obstruction of the thoracic region, namely the bronchi,foreign body or tumor, localized wheezing in the chest may occur. It happens quite rarely, but it does happen - and a person needs to be prepared for this situation. Here there can be no reflection. The patient needs immediate medical help and the bill can go even for a minute. Therefore, with various allergic reactions and suspicion of foreign bodies entering the respiratory tract, an ambulance should be called immediately.
Chroches in the chest are possible with inflammationepiglottis valve. Its increase leads to a partial overlapping of the glottis. Characteristic sounds in the chest area are acceptable in case of airway inflammation, emphysema, large-respiratory-viral infection in children and lung cancer.
Chryps can be very diverse, loudor quiet, squealing or melodic. A person usually does not cease to wheeze, even after a thorough cough. Listening to wheezing should be done only by a specialist. He will determine to which disease they belong. If this is pneumonia, the patient will be prescribed antibiotics. Appropriate therapy will be prescribed to stimulate immunity. If wheezing in the chest indicates the development of pulmonary edema, all stagnation should be eliminated. In this case, the doctor will prescribe drugs with a diuretic effect, as well as drugs that increase muscle metabolism of the heart. Complex abscesses require complex methods of treatment, sometimes even surgical intervention.
If the wheezing in the chest is very strong,intermittent and frequent, it means that a person has difficulty breathing and immediately needs medical help. Especially often, such conditions occur after a recent severe stress or stress. The basis here is the emotional factor. Therefore, the patient should be given a comfortable position, it is better to lay on the bed and give a soothing. As a rule, such attacks quickly pass. If necessary, the patient will be connected to the artificial respiration apparatus, give all the necessary drugs that open the airways and make a blood test.
Separately, it should be said about asthma attacks. There are also often wheezing. If suddenly they disappear during a severe attack - it's very dangerous. Perhaps, the narrowing of the airways or their complete closure has occurred. Use the inhaler. If it does not help, call the ambulance immediately.