Kamensk-Uralsky is one of the oldestindustrial cities of Russia. It was founded in 1701. Today this city is, in fact, a museum in the open air. The sights of Kamensk-Urals are numerous, and visiting them will surely be interesting to many tourists. To look in this city really is on what.
On the basis of the settlement on the site of the modernKamensk-Uralsky there is a very interesting legend. According to legend, once in the local forest there was a small hut. Once in the winter, the hunters stopped at her for the night. The weather on the street was frosty, and the firemen did not spare the firewood for the stove. At some point, the hearth warmed to the limit could not stand the heat and collapsed. The stones, from which it was built, fell into the fire, melted, and then solidified solid monolithic slab. It is believed that this was the way the iron ore deposit was discovered in the interfluve of the Kamenka and Iset.
First found hunters deposits of oresused by the monks of the nearby monastery. Later, this land was seized in favor of the state. And after a while the deposit started construction of the first iron foundry in Russia.
Today in Kamensk-Uralsky lives in the generalcomplexity of more than 170 thousand people. The city is modern and well developed. However, even today, it is with the geology of the locality and the history of the iron foundry that its main attractions are connected. Kamensk-Uralsky, whose description of interesting places is available in many tourist guides, despite its venerable age, remains primarily a city of metallurgists and craftsmen. In addition to the iron foundry, there are several other industrial enterprises, built mainly in the Soviet years. The largest of these are the Sinarsky Pipe Plant and the Urals Aluminum Smelter.
This city is located 100 km from Yekaterinburg. Its main attractions are:
Rocks "Seven Brothers" and "Stone Gate".
Savior Transfiguration Monastery.
The dam of a city pond.
Also worthy of attention are tourists suchthe sights of Kamensk-Uralsky, like the chapel of Alexander Nevsky and the merchants' manors of the 19th century. Very many tourists visit this city and the Geological Museum.
These rocks in the city, perhaps, the mainAttraction. Kamensk-Uralsky (photo confirms this) - a city that has a completely modern look. However, it was built under Peter the Great. And its foundation was directly connected with iron ore. This city is located in a very interesting geological zone. There are many different beautiful stone landscapes here. The "Seven Brothers" rock attracts tourists mainly with its unusual shape. This stone complex is very similar to the well-known Chertovo fortified settlement, located near Sverdlovsk. It refers to the Upper Iset mountain massif. Many consider this rock to be even more spectacular than the Sverdlovsk fortress. The fact is that the belt "Seven Brothers" is higher and has much steeper slopes. Climb to this rock without climbing equipment is impossible.
Outwardly, the belt represents a huge stoneridge, stretching from north to south. Once, apparently, this rock was a single monolithic massif. However, over time, due to weathering, its upper edge acquired a bizarre shape, divided into separate groups. Today, above the solid wall of the massif, seven unusual vertical rocks rise. The form of each of them somewhat resembles a human figure. Hence the name "Seven Brothers".
Legends of the origin of this ancient naturalthere are many. According to one of the legends, "brothers" are the petrified children of one of the workers, who once tried to escape on the mountain from the cruel manager. There is also a legend according to which these stones appeared even in pagan times. According to this legend, evil giants turned from the godmother Yermak to the rocks.
Formations of the "Seven Brothers" and their surroundingslandscapes - in fact, very interesting sights. Kamensk-Uralsky (photo below confirms this), however, attracts tourists and another unusual rock. "Stone Gate" is an interesting object, which is, in fact, the visiting card of this city. This unusual rock represents a huge miraculous monolith with a large hole-entrance in the middle. It is called so because in appearance it really looks like a huge rickety gate, one side slightly under water.
As you can see, very interesting in this citynatural attractions. Kamensk-Uralsky (photo and description of it, given above, this is confirmed), however, an industrial settlement. And therefore it is famous not only for its original stone landscapes. In addition to unusual rocks, a very popular sight for its guests is the Bell Factory. This enterprise was founded was a group of activists in the early 1990s. Today, due to its presence in the city, Kamensk-Uralsky is called the bell-ring capital of Russia. At the plant you can either look at the casting process itself or visit the art workshop, and listen to an interesting story about the history of the establishment of this enterprise.
Some pretty ancient religiousbuildings - this is also what you can see in a city like Kamensk-Uralsky. The sights of the city (architectural) are concentrated mainly in its historical part. It is here that the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery is also located. This group was founded as a women's almshouse back in the 19th century. The initiator of the construction was the unknown widow Ivanova. Ten years later, a relatively new almshouse was transformed into a Christian community. After a while, the daughter of a wealthy master Avdotya Voronina donated her a stone house and two large wooden buildings. Of course, the benefactress became the leader of the community. In the stone house it was decided to equip the church. The consecration of this small structure was carried out in 1862.
In 1872 on the territory of the community the construction of another church began. Six years later, her main throne was consecrated in honor of the Transfiguration of the Lord. In 1892 the whole complex, part of which was already a large chapel, was approved by the Church as a women's monastery.
After some time after the revolution, the monastery,Like many other similar religious complexes, it was closed. Later, the buildings of the monastery were used as a transit point for political prisoners. The monastery was reborn in 1998. Now it is a working man's abode.
The Rocks "Seven Brothers" and "Stone Gate" - notthe only noteworthy natural attractions of Kamensk-Urals. Guests of the city should definitely inspect the stone massif "Bogatyrek". This rock is located not far from the center of Kamensk-Urals. It represents an ancient limestone remains. Several of its apex-teeth are fan-shaped descending into the valley of the Kamenka River. The tallest vertical array in shape resembles a male figure. Hence the name of the rock.
Of course, there is an interesting legend about thisunusual education. According to legend, once in these places lived a young man nicknamed Bogatyrek, deft and skillful, but of small stature. Once an evil witch came to the village. She settled nearby in a forest, in a cave, and began to harm people. Bogatyrek called out to neutralize the witch, collected his armor and went along the shore of Iseti to its lair. A long battle lasted between the sorceress and the young man. At last Bogatyrek overcame it. However, the dying sorceress managed to send his last curse on him. And now stands a young man in the form of a rock in the middle of a modern industrial city.
This interesting structure is also necessarylook at the tourists who came to Kamensk-Uralsky. Attractions of the city of metallurgists are really very interesting. And the old city dam is no exception in this regard. The construction of this structure began even before the foundation of the city itself - in 1700. He supervised the erection of the dam Ermolai Nekhlyudov. This building is located in the old part of the city. The pond formed by the dam once became one of the first artificial reservoirs created in Russia. For the entire existence of this structure, it has been completely flooded several times and erected anew. However, on the right bank of the Kamenka River, the retaining wall, built in the 18th century, is still preserved.
Next to the dam is another interestinga landmark of Kamensk-Uralsky - a monument to the "Cannon". Established this unusual composition in the city in the middle of the last century - in 1967. The monument was erected in honor of the workers of the cast-iron foundry, famous in military battles.
This religious building was erected in honor ofThe 300th anniversary of the city was designed by architect A. Dolgov. The chapel was consecrated in 2001 by Archbishop Vikenty of Yekaterinburg. The chapel was named in honor of the icon of Alexander Nevsky presented to this new church by the city administration. The Russian Bell-Ringing Festival is periodically organized on the square in front of the chapel.
Ancient architectural monuments are also,than the famous Kamensk-Uralsky. Sights of the city (photo of one of the buildings can be seen below) of this group are very interesting, and many tourists visit them. The most popular ancient architectural objects of Kamensk-Uralsky are the merchants' manors of the XIX century, built in the Baroque style. They are in the historical part of the city, on the street. Lenin. Inside some of these beautiful houses, even the elements of the design of the century before last were preserved. Guests of Kamensk-Uralsky have the opportunity to inspect the manors of merchants:
The Shamarins (Lenin, 91).
Zyryanovs (Lenin, 100).
Vorobyovs (Lenin, 127).
Also, many tourists visit the old mansion of the Tronins, built in the Gothic style.
What other attractions are there inKamensk-Uralsky? The photo of the old merchant's estate clearly shows how unique the appearance of such buildings is attached to the historical part of the city. But there is in Kamensk-Uralsky and another very popular tourist attraction - the Geological Museum. Guests of this city should definitely visit this site. A museum was organized in secondary school No. 16. The total number of its exhibits is 4009 copies. There are several main sections in the museum. The most interesting, according to many tourists, are "rocks", "historical geology", "paleontology".
Of course, the rocks "Seven Brothers" and "Stonegates "in this city of metallurgists - the main attractions. Kamensk-Uralsky is also famous for its architectural monuments. But the natural formations described above, the monastery and the museum are certainly not the only places worth visiting a tourist in this city. There is in Kamensk-Uralsky and many other attractions worthy of his guests' attention.
To get acquainted with the unusual places of this city,of course, you can and yourself. However, many experienced tourists advise it is better to visit one of the local tourist offices and purchase several excursions. With a guide about the history and features of the sights of Kamensk-Uralsky, you can, of course, learn much more.