Preparing children for school: effective classes

Preparing children for school: effective classes

Until September 1, there are only 7 months left, which means that you don’t have much time left to prepare for school.

You probably know that a child should be prepared intellectually, psychologically and physically for learning.

The main thing is the ability to concentrate attention, to logically memorize events and establish a connection between them. The child must be constructive about stressful situations, communicate with peers, adapt to the team. Physical development is also important - walk more with your child and make sure that he leads an active lifestyle.

If you soberly appreciate your baby and his readiness for school, it's time to start classes. But how to determine which exercises will be most effective?

Elena Lukyanenko, psychologist:“Often parents think that there is a universal textbook for preschoolers, according to which a child can be prepared for the first grade. But there is no such textbook! For each future student should beindividual approach, but there are basic requirements. The child may not yet be able to write, but his hand must be ready for this. Encourage him to play with the designer, modeling or drawing. Good thing - finger exercises. The main focus should be on the development of attention, auditory and visual memory, thinking. ”

All tasks must be in a playful way, simple enough for the child to complete them. If you see that now this or that exercise is difficult for him, it is better to lower the level of difficulty.

Begin to count. In a relaxed atmosphere, ask the baby to count, for example, the number of chairs in the room, and to consider whether there are enough of them if 4 of his friends come to visit. Let him calculate how many chairs will be superfluous and how many will have to be brought from another room.

Simple math. Ask your future student to show you a mathematical operation with various items. But at the same time, pay attention to it, that only identical objects can be counted. For example, let him show the solution of the example “2 + 2” with the help of cubes (machines or parts of the designer cannot be entangled in the solution of the problem).

Read also: Learning to count in the kitchen

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Geometric style. Ask Fidget to solve several puzzles on the classification of geometric shapes by size, color.

Analysis. Draw several geometric shapes in a strict sequence: a triangle, a circle, a square, a triangle, a circle, a square, a triangle. Let the child draw the shape that, in his opinion, shouldfollow the triangle. Then ask your child to build cubes first in height in descending order, and then in ascending order.

Synthesis. Let the child draw a new geometric shape and come up with a new name for it. You can do it together: this is how the treukvadrat or treukrug will appear. Such a flight of fantasy will bring pleasure not only to the child, but also to you.

Offer your child's imagination to work in a situation where in the whole citylost hours. How can residents know what time it is? Let the kid express as many solutions to this problem as possible.

Read also: If the child does not want to go to the first class: advice to parents

Evaluation. Ask the future first graders how to measure such objects: the growth of an ant, the height of a child, the height of a car, the length of a log.Praise him for non-standard approaches to solving the problem, for example, a log can be measured by the number of ants (remember, as in the favorite cartoon “38 parrots”.

Let the kid tell you what is best to measure food for his favorite cake: cups, spoons (different options are welcome). As an illustrative example, take sugar, salt, flour, water, cocoa.

Mom forumchanka Katya thinks so:“A child needs to be taught to learn. He must understand what it is, how to behave in the classroom, what can and cannot be done. Parents should explain before school that the more attentive the child is in the classroom, the less time will be spent on homework. Read, of course, must be able to. It would not hurt the books for children, and not just the signs on the stores. ”

Learning to read

Remember, when teaching to read, parents often make mistakes,calling the letter and not the sound. They need to be taught not in the way they are written in the alphabet, but in the way they sound in pronunciation. Call the letter “N” abruptly, and the sounds “e” and “n”. Do not mix the concepts of sound and letters.

Still do not need to teach the child to read one letter. Learn syllables right away, for example, ma-ma needs to be read by syllables, if necessary, let him pull the first letter of a syllable until he understands which letter goes next.

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Fine motor skills

Conduct classes on the development of dexterity of hands and fingers. These skills will be needed for the child to develop speech and write skills. Let the future schoolboy draw more, sculpt from clay, play with the designer - in all these classes, direct him to more complex plots and ideas.

Also "slip" the childsmall itemssuch as toothpicks, matches (without box), beads, small parts of the designer. Do not worry, it is already big enough for games with such things (but watchfulness does not hurt). You can lay out pictures and applications from them, do crafts, it develops perseverance and attention.

Elena Lukyanenko, psychologist:“Six-year-olds can hold attention on average for 10 minutes, 15 is the maximum. When organizing classes, parents should remember that each activity lasts no longer than these 15 minutes. For example, 10 minutes a child at the table draws a letter, then switch his attention to a moving game, for example, run and count steps or throw the ball and call the letters - consonants and vowels. There are also children who cannot sit quietly for longer than 5 minutes. Lessons with them should be very short: I wrote one line - well done! Praise the kid and go to the outdoor games. "

A future first grader should know:

  • surname, name and patronymic;
  • his age and how old he will be next year;
  • what are the names of parents, where and by whom they work;
  • why at school you need to be quiet.

The child should be able to:

  • independently engage in some business for 30 minutes;
  • memorize poems and know a few by heart;
  • count from one to ten and vice versa;
  • solve simple problems of subtraction and addition;
  • read by syllables;
  • change nouns by numbers;
  • compose stories by pictures of at least five complex sentences using adjectives and adverbs;
  • draw and paint pictures;
  • summarize, call a group of objects in one word.

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  • Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes

    Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes Preparing children for school: effective classes