Public organizations occupy a very importantplace both in the political system of the country, and in ensuring the independence of its inhabitants. Everyone in Russia has the right to establish a public association of any kind, the exception is not a professional union for the protection of interests.
This right is established in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Article 30. Russia is a country that has a democratic state regime, therefore freedom of public organizations and unions is guaranteed. No one has the right to force a person to join an organization, this happens solely by the will of the citizen himself.
By creating public organizations, people can notwait for the consent of public authorities. Such organizations can be registered, in this case they will receive the status of a legal entity. However, the process of state registration is not necessary, associations can exist without it.
There are different types of public organizations: sports associations, mass movements, trade unions, political parties, scientific associations, youth and disabled unions, creative associations, etc. First, we need to understand the notion of "public organization".
This term means voluntaryA non-profit formation based on the initiative of people who have united to achieve common goals. At the moment, the activities of such organizations are coordinated by the Federal Law "On Public Associations" of May 19, 1995.
In other words, a public organization is a union of people created on the basis of their interests and on the principle of voluntary membership. Such organizations have their limitations:
To attributes of associations it is possible to carryvoluntary action, strictly in accordance with the charter and non-commercial nature. In modern conditions, such a union as a public organization has become very popular. The concept of species is very interesting for historians and politicians.
According to one of the articles of the Federal Law "On Public Associations", the following types of such organizations are distinguished, which can be based on legal forms:
In addition to unions that differ legalform, there are also other features of their classification. The main types of public organizations were listed above. Now other types and forms of such organizations will be considered. Types of public organizations, associations in accordance with the degree of participation in the struggle for power:
In accordance with the attitude of associations to the present system:
Kinds of public organizations of the Russian Federation on methods of action:
And, finally, the following associations distinguish the scale of activity:
What should public organizations do?Types, functions of these associations, despite the seeming simplicity, have repeatedly raised doubts and disputes. Duties and functions are slightly different concepts. First, you need to consider the responsibilities of public organizations:
Now we need to go over to the functions of public organizations:
As already noted, the public associationenter on a voluntary basis, and proceeding from this fact, it can be concluded that the activities of organizations are aimed at their improvement and prosperity. The governing bodies are based here through elections. The activities of a public organization can be useful not only for its participants, but also for other people who are not members of the organization.
Types of public organizations play a majorrole in the formulation of the tasks of associations. There are several types of tasks that determine the direction of the organization. Public associations can serve the interests of entrepreneurs and commercial organizations, employees and employees, as well as promote the ideas of religious, political and other organizations.
Types of activity of public organizationsare allocated depending on the type of association. The activities of business and professional organizations include work to promote the interests of both members of commercial associations and ordinary employees.
The types of activity of trade unions are:
Activities of other associations includeactions of all organizations (other than business and trade unions) that protect the interests of participants. The types of activity of public organizations included in this group are presented below:
Such an association can be created forsolving the problems of education, health, science and culture. A non-profit organization is an association whose members do not have membership based on voluntary contributions from citizens and legal entities. There are a lot of different types of such organizations, here the most basic ones will be considered. Types of non-profit public organizations:
This cooperation is a union of people,which united to obtain the necessary product of production through joint efforts. More often than not, the social organization of labor has two directions: legal and technical. The right is called upon to regulate social relations in the labor process. The technical direction consists in the rules of working on the necessary product.
At present, there are almost no different types of such an organization in its pure form, since all types of labor associations are history. Types of social organization of labor:
As already noted, these types are all formal and practically do not occur in the modern world.
These unions can be treated as a typenon-profit organizations, and to the type of commercial. These organizations are called upon to develop physical culture and sports among various groups of people, create all the necessary conditions for strengthening the health of those participating in sports competitions, provide supplies that are necessary for training.
Due to the deterioration in the health of citizens in recent times, athletic and sports organizations have become very popular. They will be able to raise the level of physical culture of people, and with it health.
Commercial associations of this type allocate profit as the main goal and can be created in the form of various partnerships, unitary enterprises, and so on.
Non-profit associations do not set a goalprofit lessons. First of all, they are designed to meet the needs of citizens. The income that such an organization has is not distributed among its members, but goes to perform the necessary tasks.
Types of public sports organizations are quite diverse. Among them:
The peculiarity of such associations is thatthey do not belong to state organizations, but to some extent belong to the political system of the country. These can be both organizations that directly influence political decisions in the country, as well as associations that do not have strict organization and structure.
The main goal of such associations isinfluence on power, however, as a rule, the socio-political organization of power, as such, does not achieve. The main principles of the socio-political association are the voluntary and solidarity of the members. There is a huge classification of such associations. Here the main types of socio-political organizations will be examined.
In accordance with the attitude towards the existing system:
By degree of organization:
Scale of action:
Such associations are not the most popular and exist in small numbers. Types of public organizations are presented below.
State Corporation. It is an organization that does not have membership, and is created by the Russian Federation on the basis of a property contribution. The goal is to perform socially useful functions. The state corporation is created in accordance with the Federal Law, and all property is in its ownership. This organization uses its property for good purposes, as defined by law.
A budgetary institution is an organization basedbodies of state power to achieve socio-cultural, scientific, technical and other purposes. The activity of this organization is financed from the corresponding budget.
Types of public organizations includea huge number of different associations, and each of them has its own peculiarities, advantages and disadvantages. But all organizations have the same principles of creation, among which there are: voluntariness, equality before the law, legality, general availability of information, publicity of activities, self-government.
If a citizen seeks to express his or her views andto share them with other people, there is an excellent solution - a public organization. The concept, types of such associations can easily be found in the Constitution and Federal laws of the Russian Federation. All public organizations contribute to the formation and development of certain principles and movements. In a democratic country, the existence of such organizations once again emphasizes human freedom.