Any schoolboy successfully engaged in literature classes, knows what rhymes are called without rhyme. Most often such works are called white verses, but there are other names.
Rhyme is the main sign of a poetic text. However, it is quite possible to create verses without rhyme. This is an experiment, an attempt to find a new form. It should be noted that if the author chooses the unrhymed type of versification, then he must follow this principle unchanged. If the rhymed lines alternate with the non-rhymed lines, then we get a pun, and not a verse.
What are called rhymes without rhyme, but with a cleardesignated size? These are white verses. In this manner, the poet of the middle of the XIX century M. Koltsov created a number of his works. A vivid example is the "Song of Hiawatha" by Longfellow. The size of the white verse is determined as usual. Shock syllables alternate with unstressed in strict sequence. Most often these poems are stylized either for folk songs, or for an epic. This is what replaces the rhyme and gives verse a certain zest.
Another example is the free-rhyme verse. An example of it can serve as ancient Greek poems and poems (for example, Horace).
But as rhymes without rhymes are called, which do not havea special rhythm? It is a verse (the name comes from the French word and translates as "free verse"). They look like prosaic text, divided into lines. Verlibre appeared before the syllabic and syllabo-tonic rhymed verse. His heyday he reached in the literature of the United States. It's hard to write libra. Beautiful rhyme and rhythm often help to hide any flaws in the content. In the same verse, it is necessary to reconcile every phrase and every word. Only a true genius is capable of creating a good free verse.
This is a special type of unrhymed poem. Perhaps the most striking example of such works is the poems of the great master of the word IS. Turgenev.He dedicated his poems in prose to manythemes: beginning from the Russian language and ending with profound, philosophical arguments about the meaning of human life and about death. Unlike vers libre, the poem in prose is not divided into lines. It is written in solid text. However, they are not related to poetry by rhymes or special devices, but by lyrical content. In such works there is no action and narration, plot and collision, therefore it is impossible to attribute them to the epic or drama.
Japanese verse without rhyme is called hokku. There is, however, another species - a tank. Hokku consists of 17 syllables, and the tank - of 31. To make up hockey, one should know the special rules of versification. The first line - 5 syllables, the second - 7, and the third line - again 5 syllables.The tank also consists of 5 lines, in which 5,7,5,7,7syllables respectively. Japanese poetry allows briefly, succinctly and extremely figuratively to describe any subject. The ability to write hokku is the ability to correctly choose words, only the best, most capacious phrases go to play. Of course, hokka in Russian is not so sonorous, and translations of Japanese poetry also lose in meaning.
So, what are the rhymes called rhymes? It can be a white verse, vers libre, a poem in prose, Japanese hokku or a tank.