Landscape, translated from French, means country or locality. Landscape has become a favorite genre of not only artists, but also photographers. The main subject of the image in photo landscapes is nature, to some extent transformed by man. Of course, modern ideas about the landscape are constantly changing and developing, but the basic principles in landscape photography remain the construction of the perspective and composition of the species and the transmission of the state of the environment and its variability. Landscape, as a genre, appeared relatively recently. And even when the landscape occupied its niche in the plot composition, it was idealized and generalized for a long time. Landscape, like European art, made an enormous contribution to world artistic processes, and made it realistic to depict. With the advent of photography, the landscapes of photos are notable for their realism, and this is where their strength and beauty lie.
According to the type of image the landscape, including photo landscapes, can be divided into rural and urban, which in turn can be divided into architectural and industrial. In a separate category distinguished seascape.Landscapes are also divided into chamber and panoramic in terms of coverage. Photos of the landscape are divided into epic, lyrical, historical, romantic, fantastic and abstract. By the way, the appearance of landscapes photos can be considered in 1826, when Joseph Niepce made the first ever photograph of the landscape. And already in 1844 in England, the first collection of photographs of the landscape entitled "Pencil of Nature" was published.