One can hardly find a more gentle indoor flower than an orchid, a perennial plant that is famous for its beauty. An orchid will ennoble any interior, if properly care for it.
An orchid is a whole family of beautiful plants that has been known since ancient times. Orchids inhabit all continents of the planet, except Antarctica. 419 species of this luxurious flower have been found in Russia and the Near Abroad. In love, he recognized not only gardeners and other lovers of flora. Every gourmet or sweet tooth will say thanks to orchids for their favorite vanilla. Yes, this spice is also a kind of orchid.
The most common types of orchids in decorative application are those of the genus Phalaenopsis, Cattleya and Dendrobium. When such a beautiful inflorescence falls in love with the planet in itself, the history of its occurrence is overgrown with romantic and fabulous myths. One of them says that an orchid is nothing but a fragment of a rainbow.According to another legend, this luxurious flower is associated with Aphrodite and tells that the flower originated where she left her shoe. Anyway, orchid is a world famous symbol of new life and love.
Even looking at the photo of an orchid, you can not resist its beauty. However, to care for this type of flower is not easy. The most frequent problems occur when transplanting. Important conditions of this process are time and technology, step by step.
This type of exotic flowers has a capricious root system, so save the flower from any unnecessary mechanical intervention, limiting only the necessary measures. This implies the following: if you buy an orchid at the store, do not rush to place it in another pot - this can negatively affect the flower and even cause irreparable harm to it. Within two to three years, the soil in the pot with orchid is suitable, and after this period requires replacement. It is during this period that the orchid should be relied upon and transplanted every two to three years, not more often.
The normal development and growth of the orchid, however, like any living thing, is affected by light. Proper lighting for the orchid is selected on the basis of the main rule - diffused light. Direct sunlight is detrimental to the plant.By following this rule, you will regularly admire flowering. On the wrong conditions say light green or yellow leaf color. If twelve hours of light normal for an orchid is unattainable, use artificial light in the form of a fluorescent lamp.
Step 1. Carefully remove the plant from the pot along with the primer. If this does not work, cut the pot, trying not to damage the flower.
Step-2. Place the plant with the soil in a container with warm water. Give the briquette of roots and soil to soak completely.
Step-3. Through the shower, wash the substrate left after the disintegration from the orchid's roots. Carefully study the orchid and remove the roots that are damaged or have already died. The cut line must be sprinkled with charcoal. Place the orchid on a paper napkin and leave to dry completely.
Step-4. While the roots are drying, prepare the pot - lay foam or expanded clay on its bottom. The height of the layer should not be less than 5 cm. Since it is necessary to prevent stagnation of water in the soil, which leads to the decay of the root system.
Step-5. Put a five-centimeter layer of substrate into the container, and then place the prepared flower. If there are hanging down shoots, at this stage you should place a garter peg near the orchid.
Step-6. Add some soil and lightly apply it with your hands to allow it to settle down a bit.
Step-7. For a couple of minutes, place the plant pot in the water. Then wait for excess moisture to drain. In case the roots are exposed, add extra land.
The most suitable soil for orchids is a mixture of fern roots, bark, moss, charcoal, peat, foam, and osmundy. This mixture is widely available, it can be found in flower and gardening stores.
An important element of proper orchid care is watering. It determines the rate of growth and flowering of the plant is not less than the illumination described above. Most species of orchids do not grow in excess moisture, they do not tolerate stagnation in the soil. Proper watering of an orchid should be done in order to create the closest possible familiar living conditions of the plant.
When watering it is important to know the variety of your orchid. For example, varieties such as Phalaenopsis, Odontoglossum, Cymbidium, Pafiopedilum should be kept in constantly wet soil. Do not confuse wet and wet.In the meantime, the orchids of the species Dendrobium, Cattleya and Oncidium require dry ground and regular watering.