Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

Probably every woman who is preparing to become a mother, heard the stories of friends about how terrible infantile colic.

But it's not so scary. First, not all babies have these same colics, and second, today there are many methods of prevention and treatment.infant colic, thirdly, calm down and do not wind yourself up, if your baby is screaming - this is not necessarily colic, you should not immediately start saving the baby from colic by all possible means, firstconsultation with a doctor.

Today we invite you to learn about why colic occurs, read the pediatrician's recommendations on how to prevent and treat them.

Read also:How not to care for the newborn?

What is colic?

ColicThis is a condition of the body associated with the restructuring of the intestinal work from the intrauterine rhythm to the extrauterine - digestion of food.

Usually, colic appears on the third or fourth week after birth.Some parents claim that colic most often occurs at night. Doctors, in turn, say that colic can occur at any time of the day, there is no pattern, for every child it happens individually.

Averageattacks of colic can last from 15 minutes to several hours. At this time, the child can scream heart-rendingly, not react to consolations, but only calm down a little at the hands of mom or dad. The period of colic usually ends by three months.

Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova:"Colic-abdominal pain in a child caused by spasm of the intestinal muscles. They arise for various reasons: hunger, cold, stress, fear, disturbance of the intestinal microflora, improper feeding of the nursing mother, improper attachment to the breast, as a result of which the child gets tired of air and more. Manifestations: pain in the abdomen, bloating, flatulence, constipation, delayed discharge of gases, regurgitation, belching with air, while the child is capricious, crying, screaming, reddening, pressing his legs to his stomach, refusing to eat, sleeping restlessly, not gaining weight well.

A child is born with an immature autonomic nervous system (the part of the nervous system that is responsible for the functioning of the internal organs). Her maturation takes about 3-4 months. It is during this period possible colic.

Read also:Features care for twins

During the maturation of the autonomic nervous system, intestinal peristalsis may be disturbed (undulating bowel movements that help promote food). There may be other problems with digestion that cause colic.

For example, if an area of ​​the intestine is irritated by the accumulation of gases, the brain receives a signal about the violation, the brain analyzes this information and sends a command to the nerve fibers -spasmto help troubleshoot the problem. Due to this muscle spasm pain occurs in the abdomen of the child.

Under the influence of heat or swaying, the brain is distracted from the problem, calms down, which means that the spasm disappears, the pain subsides, and the baby stops screaming.

Colic in newborns: causes and effective help - image №1

The endocrine system together with the nervous regulates the functioning of the intestinal walls. Due to the coordinated work of the endocrine and nervous systems, proper digestion occurs.In the first months of life in children there is a shortage of intestinal hormones, this factor can also provoke spasms and colic. By 4-6 months, the hormone levels stabilize, digestion is getting better, and colic disappears.

Mother Forumka Rimma shared her story:“My son had the first three months of a very sick stomach. The doctor prescribed special medicines for colic, but they did not help. We did massage, dill water was given, laid out on the tummy, also did not help. To make the son feel better, he had to be worn with a column on his hands, pressing his tummy to his for 30-40 minutes. It always helped. I asked all the familiar doctors why there is colic, if we have the right attachment, I don’t eat anything gas, every doctor answered something different: the intestines still do not work, the tummy muscles are weak, dysbacteriosis, etc. After listening to all this, I concluded that there is no consensus about the cause of colic, and therefore there can be no effective treatment, it only remains to try and find something that will help a particular baby. ”

Read also:Breast milk: properties and varieties

Causes of colic

Colic and baby food

After birth, the baby begins to eat mother's milk or mixture. In newborns, the enzymes in the body are still immature, which is why some digestion difficulties may arise, for example, colic.

It is desirable to provide a newborn with breastfeeding, because along with my mother's milk, the child will receive the necessary enzymes. Thanks to this, baby's digestion will improve faster.

Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova:«A newborn baby immediately after birth should be applied to the maternal breast. With the first drops of colostrum, the baby will receive a portion of the beneficial bacteria that the sterile intestine will colonize, thereby leaving no room for the bacteria. Very much depends on the normal composition of the intestinal microflora of the infant. Good microflora helps digestion and assimilation of food, utilization of gases in the intestines, absorption of vitamins and microelements, strengthening the immune system».

Kids who can not eat my mother's milk, and eatmixtureoften harder to survivecolicthan those babies who are breastfed.This is due to the fact that even the best mixtures are designed for an average child, they cannot fully take into account the peculiarities of your baby.

Both breastfeeding and artificial feeding are important to properly organize, because, as practice shows, it is the improper organization of the baby’s food that is the most common cause of infantile colic.

Colic in newborns: causes and effective help - image №2

Read also:Care for premature baby: 5 tips

Breast-feeding

The most common cause of colic in infants -improper breast attachment. Due to improper attachment, the baby swallows too much air during the meal, resulting in colic.

Also, colic can occur if you strictly feed your baby by the hour and by the time of the next meal he is very hungry, and therefore attacks on food, eats quickly and swallows a lot of air. Also, because of the long breaks between feedings, too much milk accumulates in the mother’s breast, so in the first minutes of feeding the milk flows in a rapid flow, which also provokes the ingestion of excess air and colic.

In addition, colic in a child can cause some foods that mom ate: black bread, pepper, cabbage, and so on.

Artificial feeding

With artificial feedingthe baby may also swallow too much air, and this causes colic. Even colic may occur due to the fact that the baby does not fit this or that mixture.

Other causes of colic include:

  • stressful family environment;
  • violation of intestinal microflora;
  • allergies;
  • disorders of the nervous system, neuralgic diseases and so on.

How to prevent colic?

On effective colic prevention techniques specifically forUAUA.infotold a pediatrician, a homeopath of the Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova Irina Kolpakova.

Universal recommendations for the prevention of colic from Irina Kolpakova:

  • proper attachment to the breast, the child should not smack during feeding, otherwise air is swallowed;
  • after feeding, hold the child upright to burp the swallowed air;
  • Spread the baby on a firm and flat surface on the stomach before feeding (this strengthens the abdominal muscles and promotes the discharge of gas);
  • massage the abdomen around the navel in a clockwise direction (this helps the proper movement of food through the intestines, discharge of gas and strengthens the abdominals);
  • gymnastics with knees pressed to the stomach, swimming, which also contribute to the strengthening of the abdominal muscles and the discharge of gas.

Read also:Top 10 useless things for an infant

We treat infant colic

1.If the cause of colic has becomedigestive problems, intestinal microflora disorders, then it is necessary to try to speed up the process of the discharge of gases, which most often cause discomfort and pain, as well as to avoid their accumulation. The baby can do a light massage of the tummy, as well as gymnastics: press the baby's legs bent at the knees to the stomach, slightly pressing on the stomach. You can also lay out the baby on the tummy before eating and wear it "column" after feeding. On the recommendation of the doctor, you can take special medications for babies that help to remove gaziki, it is also possible to use a vapor tube after consulting a doctor. In addition, you can try to apply homeopathic remedies, herbal medicine: dill water, fennel tea, chamomile tea and more.

Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova:«You should not pull the tummy of the baby tightly buttoned diaper, sliders with a tight elastic band. A child who is not yet sitting and does not walk, the abdominal muscles are very weak and he is not capable of straining to recover and get rid of the gas. Because any tight elastic bands, belts, pinching the stomach, impede the passage of food through the intestines and the discharge of gases».

2. When the cause of colic becomespoor nutrition nursing momIt is very important to quickly adjust the diet.

Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova:«A nursing mother should eat often, 5-6 times a day in small portions, then for each breastfeeding her milk will be saturated with nutrients - this is the prevention of hungry colic. Menu nursing mothers should consist of boiled, baked, stewed and steamed dishes. For the prevention of colic in an infant, mom's ration should exclude yeast pastries, legumes, sweet peppers, cabbage, pickles. It is necessary to minimize milk, sweets, raw vegetables and fruits, spices. All of the above can be gradually returned to the menu of a nursing mother as the baby gets rid of colic.».

3.If a child swallows too much air.when breastfeeding, and as a result of this, he has colic, contact a breastfeeding specialist to learn how to properly attach the baby to the breast. If the baby is bottle-fed, but he also swallows a lot of air when feeding, you can buy a special anti-tonic bottle, which is equipped with a special system that prevents the ingestion of excess air. If the mixture is “to blame” for colic, consult your pediatrician regarding the selection of the feed mixture, taking into account the needs of your baby.

Colic in newborns: causes and effective help - image №3

Read also:Congenital reflexes of the child: what is it?

4.If, in addition to colic, the baby also has a skin rash or other manifestations of allergy, consult a pediatrician, perhaps in your case of colic - this is one of the manifestations of an allergy to something.

5.In case colic is causedstressful atmosphere in the family, then you need to try to stabilize the psychological situation with all your might, so that mother and baby are calm. If you see that the baby is nervous, annoyed, take him in your arms, put him to sleep with him so that he gets as close as possible to the conditions in which he lived in the womb, this will help him to calm down.

6.If there is a suspicion that the child’s colic occurs on the background of anydiseases, see your doctor for detailed examination, problem determination and resolution.

I think many mothers who have already experienced colic with their babies will say: we tried everything, but nothing helped us, everything just cured time, after 3 months the colic passed away.

Related news

  • Turkey Passes aLaw the World’s Grannies Have Been Waiting For
  • Read this if you have a hard time forgetting your former
  • ABrazilian Photographer Takes Pictures inthe Most Ordinary Places, but the Result IsMesmerizing
  • Kim Kardashian eats his placenta from postpartum depression
  • What is the use of horror movies
  • Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help

    Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help Colic in newborns: causes and effective help