Diagnosis of diseases in children, especiallysmall, as a rule, is very difficult. The child is often unable to explain what it hurts and what unpleasant sensations caused by certain actions of the doctor.In this regard, the diagnosis is mainlytheir external signs: skin conditions, temperature, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea and so on. However, many illnesses appear to be quite similar. To help doctors come diagnostics with the help of tests, and the most popular among them is the study of urine.
In which cases is this study necessary?
Its popularity is due to the fact that the collection of urineis simple enough and does not cause any special difficulties for the child, while a clinical blood test requires fetching with a syringe, which children are especially afraid of. At present, special containers have appeared on the market, making it possible to collect material without problems even in infants. At the same time, urine analysis indicators allow us to judge not only inflammatory processes in the body, but also to reveal hereditary diseases. It is planned to conduct this study in a month, six months and a year. Then - every six months. Unplanned it is carried out at the doctor's prescription for the purpose of diagnosis in case of suspected infections of the genitourinary system, other infections, with prolonged fever. In the case of prescribing antibiotics for the child, the material can be surrendered several times over two to three days, in order to identify the body's response to drugs and their effects.
Analysis of urine. Norm in children - appearance
What is carried out first of all? Evaluation of physical properties is the first stage of a study such as a urinalysis. Norm in children: straw-yellow in children and more amber in older children. Intensive coloration may indicate the presence of pyelonephritis. The amount of urine is also an important indicator.
For newborns, the norm is 5-10 milliliters, for children of seven years - 150-200 ml. A smaller amount can be a consequence of renal failure, high fever, vomiting, diarrhea.
Analysis of urine. Norm in children - indicators and transcript
The following is assessed:
If the urine contains an increased amountleukocytes, this indicates the inflammation of the kidneys or urinary tract. As a rule, it is accompanied by frequent urination, fever. The protein should not be present, but small impregnations of up to 0.033 grams / liter are quite acceptable. The chemical reaction is another indicator that determines the analysis of urine. The norm in children is an acidic environment. Alkaline reaction is a consequence of inflammatory processes. Increased acidity is observed in diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis of the bladder or kidney.
However, it should be noted that the analysis of the analysisurine should be entrusted to the doctor. Do not engage in self-treatment of the child, having on hand the interpretation of his results, because any deviations from the norm should be considered only in conjunction with other signs, according to which the doctor diagnoses a disease.