Diseases of the genitourinary system is one of the mostproblems that not only affect a person's physical condition, but also cause psychological discomfort. Especially if the patient is a man. After all because of similar pathologies the sexual activity of the patient is broken. As a result, in addition to physical discomfort, a man experiences stress. As a result, health problems are only exacerbated, and there are troubles at work and at home. One of the pathologies related to diseases of the genitourinary system is congestive prostatitis. Despite the fact that such a condition is difficult to tolerate, with timely access to medical care it is curable.
Congestive prostatitis is a diseaseprostate gland, in which there are stagnant phenomena. This pathology in most cases is observed in older men, leading an inactive lifestyle. Often, stagnant prostatitis is asymptomatic, so it is difficult to diagnose. With severe inflammation, there are violations of urination and sexual function, which is usually the reason for contacting a doctor. Treatment of diseases of the prostate gland is performed by a specialist - urologist. A distinctive feature of this pathology is the difficulty of the outflow of the secretion of the prostate. Stagnation of the seminal fluid leads to unpleasant sensations in the lower abdomen. With the progression of the disease develops erectile dysfunction, there are signs of inflammation. To prevent this, men of adulthood must visit the urologist at least once a year.
There are many factors that causedevelops congestive (congestive) prostatitis. There are endo- and exogenous causes of this disease. The following factors determine the development of stagnation in the prostate:
Despite the fact that pathology is more common among older men, it can occur at any age.
The pathogenesis of congestive prostatitislies stagnation in the vessels that supply blood to the prostate gland. As a result, the wall of the organ thickens, there is edema of the tissue. Because of such changes, the processes of formation and secretion of the secretion of the prostate gland are slowed down. The seminal fluid acquires a thick consistency and accumulates in the cavity of the organ. Congestion of the secretion of the gland is one of the predisposing factors of the attachment of a bacterial or viral infection. As a result, chronic congestive prostatitis develops. Hypertrophic and edematous tissue of the gland is a favorable environment for the reproduction of microorganisms. Chronic inflammation is dangerous due to the development of complications such as impotence and infertility.
Prostatitis often combines with such a disease,as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In some cases, these pathologies are difficult to differentiate among themselves, since they have similar symptoms. There are following signs of congestive prostatitis:
When joining a bacterial infection, painstrengthens, can arise at rest. More often unpleasant sensations arise in the field of the perineum, in the lower abdomen. At an exacerbation the phenomena of an intoxication of an organism - rise in temperature of a body, an indisposition are observed. If the disease has developed recently, and the inflammation is not yet strongly pronounced, there is an asymptomatic chronic congestive prostatitis. BPH 1-2 tbsp. differs in that the main clinical manifestation of pathology is frequent (often - night) urination. Minor hyperplasia of the prostate is rarely accompanied by pain and erectile dysfunction. In most cases, elderly patients have both BPH and chronic inflammation of the prostate.
The diagnosis of "congestive prostatitis" is put onbased on clinical, laboratory and instrumental examinations. Suspected of this disease can be on such symptoms as pain during urination and ejaculation, unpleasant sensations in the lower abdomen. It is also important to pay attention to the consistency of the ejaculate. With stagnant prostatitis, the seminal fluid becomes thick, collected in lumps. One of the diagnostic methods is a digital examination of the prostate. Isolation of the secretion of the prostate during a rectal examination indicates the presence of stagnation of seminal fluid. Laboratory diagnostics include: UAC, OAM, sperm research. An informative method is ultrasound of the prostate. To improve visualization, a transrectal ultrasound is recommended. With inflammatory and stagnant phenomena, the size of the organ is enlarged due to thickening of the gland walls.
The main method of treatment of congestive prostatitisis drug therapy. In case of bacterial inflammation, an antibioticogram must be performed. Based on the results of this study, prescribe the necessary medicines. Most often used drugs "Cefazolin", "Ciprolet", "Summamed". In addition to antibiotics, it is necessary to carry out anti-inflammatory treatment. To reduce edema of the prostate gland, prescribe medicines "Naize", "Prostamol Uno". Physiotherapeutic procedures are effective methods of treatment. They help improve the circulation of the pelvic organs. Also, to fight stagnant phenomena, massage of the prostate gland is shown.
Folk remedies are ineffective in the treatmentcongestive prostatitis. Nevertheless, they help to eliminate the symptoms of the disease. For this purpose, anti-inflammatory and diuretic herbal preparations are used. For the treatment of prostatitis it is recommended to use decoctions of celandine and honey, oats, infusion of hazel. Also, anti-inflammatory effect is possessed by pumpkin seeds, plantain. To eliminate edema, it is recommended to drink kidney tea.
In addition, you must follow a diet (except smoked, fatty and spicy foods), perform physical exercises to improve blood circulation in the small pelvis (squats, legs).
To avoid congestive prostatitis, it is necessary toeliminate risk factors. To do this, it is recommended to lead an active lifestyle, follow the body weight, eliminate bad habits. It is also important to visit a urologist in order to prevent pathologies of the genitourinary system. It should be remembered that stagnant prostatitis often develops with irregular sexual life. Sexual contact should not be too long, nor should it be interrupted. With frequent changes of partners, barrier methods of contraception should be used to avoid the attachment of a bacterial infection.