The damage from accidents on the road (hereinafter - road accidents) is measured in huge amounts every year. The main causes of accidents are the failure of road users to adhere to the established rules, regulating it.
Art. 12 Administrative Code of the Russian Federation is devoted to administrative violations in the field of traffic on roads. It contains thirty-seven sub-items. According to them, vehicle managers (hereinafter - TC) can be held accountable for various actions. What specific administrative offenses in the field of traffic is called an article? What can be responsible for?
For these and many other violations mentioned in Art. 12 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, there are punishments in the form of fines, the amount of which reaches several thousand rubles. It is also possible to deprive the driving license of the vehicle for a certain period of time.
Code of Administrative Offensesdetermines that a road traffic offense is a socially harmful, unlawful, guilty action (inaction), which creates a threat to the health and safety of people, damage to vehicles.
As for the harm that can be caused,it is implied that it occurs when driving on vehicles. The latter are recognized as sources creating an increased danger, they should be managed only after appropriate training and obtaining the necessary driving skills.
What is the object of the aboveoffenses? Safe traffic, operation of the vehicle (their trouble-free operation). The driver, having left on road on the faulty or not completely equipped car, puts in danger of people surrounding him and other motorists. The latter can be caused by physical or material harm. Therefore, Art. 12 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation prohibits driving on a technically undefended or faulty vehicle.
From the objective side of the offenseare characterized by the presence only of unlawful acts of citizens against the Rules of the Road, operating defective cars, transporting goods without proper registration and consolidation.
Under administrative responsibility fallwho have reached the established age (16-18 years), citizens, officials, legal entities. A special subject is a driver driving a vehicle, an animal driver. It does not matter whether he has the right to manage the vehicle. To bring to responsibility under Art. 12 The Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation is possible if the person personally controlled the vehicle or was in the place of an instructor driver.
Particular attention should be paid to those who serve in thearmy, employees of law-enforcement bodies and other power structures. In the legislative acts regulating the procedure for the passage of service in these bodies, it is indicated that they are not brought to administrative responsibility, except for violation of the Rules of the Road. Then they are no different from ordinary citizens.
But not only drivers of vehicles canbe held accountable for traffic violations. Those who do not have a personal car, or travel in it only as passengers, are equally equal participants.