Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

 

- a fairly common phenomenon. According to statistics, 20% of newborn babies suffer from various manifestations of allergy.

Allergy in newborns is a reaction of the baby’s immune system to stimuli. In which cases it passes by itself, and when it requires treatment - in our today's material.

Allergies in newborns: why does it occur?

There are several main reasons why allergies occur in newborns.

Heredity. Allergy is a hereditary disease. If signs of allergic reactions were observed in both parents, the risk that the allergy will be transmitted to the child is about 70%, if one person has about 40%.

Failure to follow diet. Due to the physiological characteristics, allergic reactions in newborns pass primarily through the intestines, where allergens get through the mother's milk. Therefore, it is necessary to exclude canned food, pickles, seafood and fish, tomatoes, mayonnaise and ketchup from the menu of the nursing mother.citrus fruits, honey, chocolate, nuts and coffee, carbonated drinks, fresh fruits and vegetables, sausages and ham, garlic and onions, be wary of dairy products, eggs and buckwheat.

Vera Kazimirchuk, Professor, Director of the Institute of Immunology and Allergology of the NMU named after A. Bogomolets: “Often, an allergy in newborns occurs because a product stuffed with“ chemistry ”got into the food of a nursing mother. To protect yourself from such pseudo-allergic reactions in a child, avoid vegetables grown in greenhouses, GMO products, do not abuse broiler chicken meat, drain the first meat broth. ”

Intrauterine development. The baby begins to respond to potential allergens from the 25th week of intrauterine development. This occurs through the ingestion of the amniotic fluid and the penetration of the mother's immunoblobulin through the placenta. Therefore, during pregnancy, it is important for the future mother to stop smoking, follow a diet (except products with flavors, food dyes and preservatives), limit contact with their personal allergens, protect against viral and bacterial infections, take medications with maximum caution and only on the advice of a doctor.

Vaccination. Vaccination is an aspect of the healthy life of a child, but a planned vaccination in the first days of a baby’s life can cause allergies in a newborn. The reason is that vaccines are quite allergenic in composition.

External stimuli. Often, allergic reactions in a child can cause household chemicals, baby cosmetics, pet hair and saliva, household dust.

Read also: Allergies in the newborn: signs, diagnosis, treatment

Allergies in newborns: symptoms

Among the variety of allergic manifestations, the most typical for newborns are the following symptoms:

  • skin redness
  • peeling of the skin
  • petty itchy rash,
  • red eyes,
  • nasal discharge.

Among the atypical manifestations of allergic reactions in newborns can be noted:

  • dry cough,
  • frequent sneezing
  • colic
  • diaper rash and redness of the anus,
  • dry tongue
  • vomiting
  • regurgitation
  • upset stool (constipation or diarrhea),
  • skin lesions (urticaria, eczema),
  • damage to the respiratory system.

Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

Allergy in newborns: treatment

The main method of treating allergies in newborns is the identification and elimination of the allergen. In order to do this correctly, you need to contact a pediatrician.

If the baby is breastfed - the mother's diet will help solve the problem, or the use of a hypoallergenic mixture, if the baby is bottle-fed.

To understand what exactly food allergies arise from a child is the simplest method of elimination. To do this, first a nursing mother should eliminate all possible allergens from her menu as much as possible and eat like this until the child's condition improves.

After the symptoms of allergy disappear, you can gradually, in turn, no more than one product per week, include various products in your menu and monitor the child’s reactions to them. In order to make an optimal diet, doctors advise mom to keep a food diary in which to record everything she ate during the day.

In the period of worsening allergies, try to give your child more clean drinking water so that his body clears off allergens as soon as possible.

Pediatrician Valeria Kamarsky tells: “In especially acute cases of allergic manifestations in a child, we send him for analysis of the blood. If the blood test shows a high concentration of immunoglobulin E and eosinophils - we can talk about the presence of allergies in the body.If necessary, antihistamines, special ointments, sorbents and lactobacilli are prescribed to the newborn. ”

If the newborn has signs of allergy, water procedures are best carried out for a long time, without steaming the skin. Not worth it without the recommendation of a doctor to bathe the child in the grass, even the harmless daisy and a series can sometimes cause an aggravation of the rash.

As often as possible in the apartment do a wet cleaning, without the use of chemicals, wipe the dust, as much as possible remove all dust collectors from the child (carpets, soft toys, large old blankets and pillows).

If your baby has had allergy manifestations - do not rush to introduce him complementary foods, it is important to try new foods very carefully.

Do not pay attention to the signs of allergy in newborns can not. If the disease is not treated, it can develop into more dangerous forms, causing serious complications.

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  • Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do

    Allergies in newborns: how to manifest and what to do