Violations Gastrointestinal functions are the most common cause of anxiety and pain children. Many of them are accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea and fever. Pain may start suddenly and be a signal serious disorders (for example, appendicitis). Pains in the stomach can arise, pass and arise again and again with peptic ulcer, diverticulum Meckel and other diseases.
AT anyway - the child's complaints of pain in the abdomen should serve as a basis for serious parental concerns and compulsory consult a doctor!
Some diseases in which there are abdominal pains:
Intestinal disorders, inguinal hernia, Hepatitis, Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder), Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) Peptic ulcer, intestinal obstruction, Worm infestation, Tuberculosis, Crohn's disease, mekel diverticulum, ulcers-specific colitis, appendicitis, urinary disorders system, (bladder and urinary infections pathways, Ovarian cyst (in girls), with Poisoning.
Infants up to six months.Pains in the stomach is often caused by colic (getting air into the stomach or intestines). Baby can cry, stretch the legs, bend them to the stomach and in general feels bad for an hour or more. Crying may temporarily subside if gases will come out. Usually colic disappears in age after six months.
Newborns may also suffer from obstruction of the stomach or intestinal tract. About it evidenced by vomiting or bloating.
Children older than six months. Typical the cause of stomach pain is inflammation of the stomach and intestinal (gastroenteritis) from viral and bacterial infections that may accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting, high fever, abdominal pain, nervous excitement and general excitement. Sometimes a child appetite decreases, and in connection with this decrease food consumption. Usually infections go away. two to ten days.
Older children can feel abdominal pain and due to respiratory diseases like flu. In addition to the pain Other symptoms may be present in the abdomen: sore throat, high fever, runny nose, headache pain and vomiting.Another possible cause of pain in babies may have an inguinal hernia (a tumor in the lower abdomen that goes into groin area). A common symptom is vomiting, and also pain in the lower abdomen. In this case surgery is required. Swollen, painful, reddened testicle also may cause abdominal pain, crying and vomiting. it the condition can be confused with an inguinal hernia.
Preschool children. Ordinary causes of abdominal pain - constipation, urinary infection tract, pneumonia. If the cause is constipation, then the pain almost always disappears after a bowel movement. Urinary tract infection often accompanies higher temperature and some discomfort when urinating. If a child has pneumonia, then cough, fever and chest pain. Anemia with sickle red blood cells is accompanied by chest pain, back, arms or legs.
Another possible, but less common cause of abdominal pain in this age group is food poisoning (crampy abdominal pain, very loose stools and vomiting).
Most food poisoning and all surgical problems require intervention the doctor.
Schoolchildren, including teenagers. Some of the above states continue to be major sources of pain in stomach: inflammation of the lining tissue of the stomach or intestinal (gastroenteritis), viruses, blows to the stomach, pneumonia, urinary tract infections and anemia with sickle erythrocytes.
At the same time, recurring pains in only 7-10% of children’s stomachs are caused by organic disorders or diseases. Usually. Repetitive and transient abdominal pain cause dysfunction of the urinary organs, bowel disorders and general diseases ( for example, Flu). For example, the intestines of a child may malfunction if diet inappropriate, especially if the child is not can eat some foods type of milk and dairy products. (Syndrome Malabsorption). Another cause of pain associated with pathological function of the intestine - constipation. Constipation occurs when weakening the activity of the thick guts. In adolescent girls, abdominal pain may be caused by contractions of the muscles of the uterus during painful menstrual period (dysmenorrhea). Sometimes accompanied by pain exit egg from an ovary during the menstrual cycle. In 80–90 percent of cases, transient abdominal pain has rather psychological than physical or functional reasons.
Attacks of abdominal pain differ in Depending on the reasons. Pain caused by physical illness usually does not go away or wears cyclical in nature, often associated with some actions or nutrition. Pain tends occur in a particular area of the abdomen ( for example, in the navel area).
Urinary infections pathways are accompanied by pain in the pelvic region.
The main disease manifested bouts of abdominal pain may have the following signs: loss of appetite, weight loss, periodic rises in body temperature, jaundice, changes in feces in consistency and color, constipation or diarrhea, blood in feces, vomiting eaten by food, bile or blood, bloating.
The duration of abdominal pain attacks, caused by the pathological function of organs the abdominal cavity varies with root cause.For example, if a child has no lactose tolerance, attack of pain may flow within a few minutes or up to 2 hours after taking milk or dairy products. If the child has a gallbladder disease bladder - abdominal pain may begin soon after ingestion of fatty foods.
Psychological pain factors may sporadically occur each day. Sometimes a child does not complain of abdominal pain. for weeks or months. Pain usually not acute, the child rarely wakes up in the middle of the night.
Abdominal pain caused by psychological reasons most often arise in the navel. Pain “distant” from navel most likely indicates physical reason. The doctor, establishing the diagnosis, finds out from child or parents the following: - what does it look like pain when it occurs where in which place abdomen, after which pain occurs, etc. Doctor also interested in the presence or absence of others symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, increased body temperature. Diagnosing the cause pains of non-internal organs pretty hard. The child can be affected tension atmosphere at home or in children teamwork.
Prevention and treatment of seizures Abdominal pain depends on the underlying problem. For example, a change in diet may help if the pain is caused by taking food products, intolerable to this organism. Pain relievers can help with abdominal pain caused by menstrual cycle.
In any case, parents should know whatin case of acute attack abdominal pain accompanied or not accompanied by vomiting, nausea and other complaints, self-assign any pain relievers CATEGORICALLY DO NOT! If the attack of abdominal pain does not pass self within 15-30 minutes should be sure to show the child to the doctor. The doctor must eliminate diseases related to so called “acute abdomen” - appendicitis, intestinal obstruction, Mekkel's diverticulum and others. As a rule, these diseases are treated surgically. If you visit a doctor before you visit gave the child painkillers - it can mask the picture of “acute abdomen” and significantly complicate diagnosis.
Abdominal pain can wash caused by:
|Dysbacteriosis||Analysis of feces for dysbiosis. Sowing Breast Milk for Sterility||
|Reactive pancreatitis (dyspancreatism)||Scatology. Abdominal ultrasound||Gastroenterologist|
|Hepatitis A, B, C, E, D||Hepatitis markers (AT and AG), b \ x blood (total and direct bilirubin, total protein, albumin, ALaT, ASaT, LDH, GGT, alkaline phosphatase, thymol test), prothrombin index.||
|Mononucleosis||IgM, IgG to Epstein Barr virus. Complete blood count (atypical mononuclear cells lymphocytosis, leukocytosis).||
|Toxoplasmosis||Determination of the level of antibodies to toxoplasma.||Infectious disease|
|Clinical analysis of urine, microscopy of urine sediment, urine analysis according to Nechyporenko, dual part test. Daily urine analysis for salt. Sow urine. Biochemical analysis of blood (urea, creatin, uric acid, total protein, albumin, cholesterol, etc.). Urography, ultrasound of the kidneys, etc.||
|Gastritis, peptic ulcer||Helicobacter pylori, abdominal ultrasound, gastroscopy.||Gastroenterologist|
|Acute abdomen (appendicitis, acute pancreatitis, peritonitis, perforated ulcer, etc.)||The child cannot get out of bed due to severe pain in the abdomen, the pain is most often intense, diffuse, the general state of health is bad, the temperature often rises, vomiting opens, the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall are tense. Appendicitis in the early stages is usually not accompanied by very severe pain. On the contrary, the pain is dull, but rather constant, in the lower right side of the abdomen (although it can start at the upper left), usually with a slight rise in temperature, there may be a single vomiting.|