> >10 interesting facts about Australia
Australia is an interesting multicultural country with a huge number of different nationalities. This is the only country that is a continent; it occupies the sixth place in the world by area. The country is located in the southern hemisphere, so the summer period here is December-February.
Many people associate Australia with the scorching sun, kangaroos and crocodiles. But there are still many interesting facts about which, we are sure, not everyone knows: thousands of refugees, legalization of euthanasia, predatory koalas, nuclear tests and others. We will share with you a selection of a dozen vivid facts about this wonderful country that you will surely be interested in.
A large number of refugees
Statistics show that Australia is practically the safest and wealthiest country in the world. Of course, many people want to get here by any means. For example, in 2012 in Australia more than 15 thousand people sought refuge. Calling these people illegal immigrants is impossible: arriving in a country without your documents in order to receive refugee status is completely legal within the limits of international and Australian laws.
Most of the refugees arrive in this country quite simply and openly, arriving by plane. And only a small percentage of them overcome the dangerous waterway from Indonesia, using completely unsuitable boats for such journeys, because of which they often drown. But those who still managed to get through all the obstacles are taken to prison, where they are treated very poorly.
The longest fence on the planet
In Australia, there are a lot of sheep (about 75 million) who are bred for meat and wool. They are mainly concentrated in the south-east of the country. The state receives a huge income from the export of wool, which is quite significant for the country's economy. The bottom line is that there are a lot of wild dingo dogs in the region, which are considered easy prey for and hunted by sheep. In order to protect the sheep of the Australians and came up with such a fence.
In 1880, farmers built a huge number of fences that performed a protective function against predators. In 946, the authorities passed a law that united all the fences into one large barricade. Further, as the construction of new fences, they were attached to the old and stretched along South Australia.However, there is a danger for the fences: wild camels that can tear down any fence if it is not connected to electricity.
Kangaroo meat and dishes from it
In Australia, besides wild dogs, there are a lot of kangaroos, which attracts Australians with their delicious meat. It is very low-calorie, but it must be properly cooked. The main thing is not to overcook, because it will become very tough. For a long time this fact was not known about the Australians, they themselves did not present this with their dignity - Australian art, music and cuisine were not in the center of attention of the Europeans. But once the situation has changed its picture.
Legalization of euthanasia
Discussions have been going on for a long time all over the world about whether the patient’s last desire to interrupt their lives should be fulfilled. But today Australia has surprised the world by not considering euthanasia a crime at the legislative level.
Australia’s human rights were not clearly spelled out, and the principle of freedom of speech is not always fulfilled. This is well manifested in the question about euthanasia. Here the laws preventing suicides are in effect.This is at a time when the survey shows that many support people who want to stop their suffering on their own (seriously ill). In 1990, euthanasia was legalized in northern Australia, however, the law was later abolished.
Battle of Independence and the "Rum Hull"
As is known, colonized Australia at first was the punitive territory of England. Initially, in 1788, a single fleet with provisions, prisoners and soldiers was sent from England to settle the colony. A little later another fleet was sent. The management of the colony’s first governor, Arthur Phillip, seemed to be satisfactory. However, after the resignation of Phillip, Francis Grosz took over his post, under whose management affairs have deteriorated significantly.
The second ship that arrived arrived under the control of an already existing colony, it is called the "Rum Hull". There were harsh living conditions. Rum is usually paid to prisoners for the work done by the black. When the rum trade gained significant momentum, they began to control part of the resources, land, and cheap labor.
In the end, in order to restore order, the authorities in England sent Admiral William Bling there.But he was not ready for such a confrontation from the inhabitants of the colony, who did not want to surrender peacefully, and after a few years won. For him, the result of the battle was a prison.
This uprising is considered an ideological battle of the British state, which saw in Australia only a prison colony against a new generation of local entrepreneurs who wanted to work and live in an economically independent country. Now we can say for sure that these facts were crucial in building Australia into an independent nation.
Australian farmers came up with a shoe called ugg boots. When sewing, sheepskin was used to save heat and was intended to be worn only on the premises, because they were considered tasteless and ugly to wear somewhere else. How, then, it turned out that they have become so fashionable and popular all over the world and, of course, in America?
After ugg boots delivered to America, a certain company Decker, decided to purchase the copyright. At the end of the marketing assault majority supported the shoes, and they came into use.On Decker’s side there have been attempts to prevent the Australians from releasing uggs further.
Australian manufacturers have not taken this requirement seriously, because they have been producing these shoes for many years. They appealed for the protection of their rights to the court and proved that the name is just slang, coming from the word "ugly", therefore it is not a question of delirium. And the court took the side of the Australians.
Secret nuclear tests
Many say that nuclear weapons are tested in Australia. However, this has not yet been proven, only one theory is about some events on May 28, 1993.
There are reports of this day that indicate the presence of a nuclear explosion. The Japanese group Aum Shinrikyo is considered to be involved in this catastrophe. They committed an act of terrorism, namely a gas attack on the subway with sarin poison gas.
On May 28, 1993, oscillations by numerous seismographs were recorded. And some eyewitnesses claimed that they had heard a sound similar to an explosion, and also saw a cloud of smoke. But investigations were constantly transferred and dragged on for a long time, and now it is not known what it was.
Cricket, draws and matches
Thanks to their passion for sport, Australians keep themselves in shape. In 2004, at the Olympics, they performed well in cricket and finished fourth. Today they are recognized as one of the best in this sport. However, Australians are very skeptical about match competitions.
In one of the cricket competitions in 1980 against England, fans brought a live pig. Oddly enough, the guard missed them. Then it turned out that the pig was involved in a large, carefully thought-out rally. For some time she had to sleep under anesthesia. When the pig woke up, she ran on the pope, showing on her sides the names of two players from the opposing team. It was great fun, but do not know what ended the rally.
As you know, a lot of predators is found in Australia. These include the marsupial species, which has similarities with the koala, they are called "falling bears." They differ from herbivorous koalas in that they are much larger in size and have sharp claws and fangs. They attack the victim by falling from the trees, for which they are called such a nickname.
True, some doubt the existence of these terrible murderers that fall from the trees, they believe that these are specially invented horror stories for gullible tourists.In any case, in the wilderness of Australia, you still need to be careful.
Mysterious silhouette in the desert
Another Australian phenomenon is Stuart Giant or Murray Man. This is a very large silhouette that stretches in South Australia near the village of Murray. The length of this silhouette is 4.2 kilometers, the lines of the figure reach 30 centimeters in depth, and 35 meters wide. Today, the reason for creating this silhouette is unknown, and this attracts travelers from all over the world.